2.0 and 3.0 degree burns can cause complications. That is why its severity is determined by the extension. In this way. A burn that affects more than 10% of the body’s surface is considered serious. The greater the affected area, the greater the possibility of disorders. For example, the loss of plasma that filters through the walls of the capillaries of the dermis causes a decrease in the volume of blood. Kidney alterations are also caused by the infiltration of toxic substances that are released from burned tissues. When this happens, the victim needs plasma to avoid kidney complications, and a careful medical follow-up.
3.0-degree burns require surgical operations to remove damaged tissues and replace them with skin grafts that correct scars.
For burns that do not require hospitalization, the treatment is based on ointments that contain fatty substances and antibiotics. With the application of these, the infections are protected and the bandages are prevented from adhering to the wounds.
It is characterized by a sudden drop in blood pressure, by loss of body fluids (such as blood) or a malfunctioning heart.
The situations that can cause a shock are varied: a serious injury (wound, burns), hemorrhages, a generalized infection, electricity shocks, ingestion of medications, sunstroke, etc. The shock can be deadly and requires urgent medical treatment.
The lips and nails become a blue-gray color.
Weak and fast pulse.
Fast and superficial respiration. Mario, blurred vision.
Loss of knowledge.
Hypovolemic shock, which is produced by a loss of fluids due to burns, hemorrhages and dehydration, also presents: thirst, anxiety, irritation, chills and tremors.
Ischemic shock, which occurs when blood pressure suddenly drops due to loss of blood or a state of deep anesthesia, has these symptoms: cold, mental confusion and inadequate production of urine.
What do we do?
1. We put the person on his back, on a blanket or smooth surface. We lift your feet so that they are higher than the chest (that is, the heart), used for that pillow or any object that we have at hand. If the person has a spinal injury, or major bleeding in the lower limbs, it is convenient not to move it and to remain horizontal.
2. We loose all tight clothing, especially around the neck, chest and waist.
3. We tilt your head to one side.
4. Keep the affected person warm and calm.
5. If the person is unconscious or has vomiting, place it in the lateral safety position. We observe his pulse and his breathing. If necessary, we apply artificial respiration and cardiac massage.