They are accidents that occur frequently in some environments and that can cause transient disorders, but also situations of risk. Animal bites can vary in severity. From a slight wound caused by a domestic animal, to deep tears produced by a wild animal.
In general, accidents with dogs and garos do not pose a health risk, unless they are infected with rabies.
In the case of insect bites, these can cause allergies or disorders, such as inflation or pain. Ophidian bites are dangerous because of the poison they inoculate. They must be treated urgently to supply an antidote.
Let’s see the different types of bites and stings and what treatment we should follow.
Bites of mammals.
1. Wounds caused by animals such as dogs or cats should be treated as indicated above.
2.If it is suspected that the animal has rabies or we do not know if it is vaccinated, it is necessary to isolate it to observe its behavior. Usually, he is transferred to an anti-rabies center. If the animal can not be located, it is advisable to apply the rabies vaccine.
Insect bites such as mosquitoes and gnats produce inflammation, redness and itching. In the case of the mosquito, the bite is not dangerous, but causes an allergic reaction that manifests itself with white spots surrounded by a red halo, which produces a strong pruritus.
Children tend to scratch and small skin lesions that can become infected.
Also the bite of the midge produces a terrible itching and, subsequently, the appearance of boils or abscesses difficult to cure.
The stings of bees and wasps produce swelling, itching and local discomfort (burning and pain). These insects inject irritating and toxic substances into human skin into human tissues.
Fleas and other parasitic insects produce pigs arranged in lines and internal itching.
Other general symptoms are hives and allergic reaction with blockage of the respiratory tract. In very sensitive people, seizures, vomiting and tachycardia may occur.
What do we do?
1. If the bite is mosquito, we apply calamine or alcohol lotion to alleviate the discomfort.
2. If the sting is of insect, wasps and bees, we extract the sting with clean tweezers, without compressing the affected part, or we dig gently with a clean nail. Disinfected with an antiseptic.
We apply ice and compresses with sterile gauze soaked in alcohol, vinegar or ammonia. We can also use an antiallergic ointment or a solution of sodium bicarbonate and water.
3. In the event that the person has been attacked by a swarm of insects, ño ño immersion in cold water, to which we take a spoonful of baking soda for each liter of water.
4. If the bite occurred in the throat, we supply cold water to the affected person or we give him to suck an ice cube.
5.If the person presents a strong allergic reaction, we place it in a lateral safety position and require urgent medical attention.
6. In the event that there is inoculation of poison or abundant bites, we apply compresses of ammonia or bicarbonate water and we provide an antihistamine.
7. When the bite is of vinchuca, we apply ice and call the doctor or transfer the person to a health center.
Spider bite causes pain, swelling, or redness. In the case of poisonous spiders, abdominal cramps, fevers, sweating and nausea may occur.
The scorpion sting produces intense pain and shock.
The tick bite causes redness, pain and swelling.
What do we do?
1. Spider bite: We wash it, disinfect it and apply compresses soaked in ammonia. If the sting is of a poisonous spider, we turn to emergency medical attention.
2. Scorpion Bite: We immobilize the affected member, and we request emergency medical attention.
Ice may also be placed on the affected area to relieve swelling and pain.
3. Tick Bite: We apply oil, petroleum or chloroform.
Bites of snakes (vipers, snakes).
When they bite, the snakes inoculate a poison that, according to the species, acts on the nervous, circulatory and respiratory systems. Poisons produce cardiovascular disorders, difficulty breathing, paralysis and shock.
In the upper part of the bite, the traces of the fangs remain.
Around, the skin becomes red.
The affected area swells or swells, causing pain.
Head pain and dizziness. Nausea and fever.
There is a risk of infection.
Breathing is altered and accelerated, and the pulse weakens.
The affected person has a state of general prostration.
What do we do?